Australian Aboriginal Customs
As to the Australian Bureau of statistics there are 517.000 (2006) Aborigines, which is 2, 6% of Australia's population.
63% of Aborigines live in New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria; 28% in Western Australia and the Northern Territory; and only 9% in Tasmania and Australian Capital Territory. 32% of all people in the Northern Territory are Aborigines. The percentage of Aborigines in all other parts of Australia is 4% or less.
First people arrived to Australia between 42.000 and 48.000 years ago. It is estimated that they arrived from what is now southeast Asia. Those people were hunter-gatherers.
Aborigine (photo by Steve Evans - babasteve)
The Aboriginal oral culture and spiritual world are based on the Dreamtime. The Dreamtime or the Dreaming includes a number of inter-related stories (myths). There are at least four aspects of The Dreamtime - the beginning of all things, the life and influence of the ancestors, the way of life and death and sources of power in life.
The Aborigines have various deities who created people and world they live in. There are no deities appearing in all communities. People believe that a deity takes form of an object existing in nature like for example a certain stone. Each Aboriginal deity has various functions. One of them is the dominant one. According to this function there are three groups of Aboriginal deities – Creational, Ancestral and Totemic ones.
There are about 100 Aboriginal languages. But only 20 of these have larger number of speakers. The most widely spoken Aboriginal language is Kriol. Some other Aboriginal languages are Yolngu with around 6000 speakers, Arrernte with around 3000 speakers and Warlpiri with around 3000 speakers. Most Aborigines today speak standard English and Aboriginal English which is their unique version of English language.
Music plays very important role in both everyday life and sacred ceremonies of Aborigines.Their music can be divided into three groups.
The first and largest one is used in sacred ceremonies. It is performed in a particular place and for particular purpose.
The second type of music is the semi-sacred. Good example are songs performed during the initiation ceremony of boys. These songs are sung by men. Women are present as dancers.
The third type of Aboriginal music include entertainment music. Very good example of the entertainment music is the corroboree where men dance for up to three or four hours while the women and children sing.
The most popular musical instrument used by Aborigines is didjeridu (didgeridoo) or yidaki. Experts think that didjeridu is less than 1000 years old. The name djeridu is not that old. It was first used in 1926 by Herbert Basedown (1881-1933). He used the word didjeridu to somehow describe the sound of this instrument.
Didjeridu - Aboriginal musical instrument
The didjeridu is made from a log. Fire or termites are used to hollow out the log. There are bamboo didjeridus too. A wax or resin mouthpiece is moulded to narrower end of the instrument.
The inside diameter is about 30 mm at the end which player puts in his mouth, and about 50 mm at the opposite end. The length of Didjerido (usually 100-160 cm) influence the sound.download startup quotes with the word inspire or inspiration in it vacation myself definition of entrepreneurial marketing development of the entrepreneurship quotes pdf what cities are close to cleveland ohio cruise itinerary from nj to quebec city small business ideas from home cities skylines 2 quotes for journal covers vacation image dog in front of city skyline development social technological inequality examples 4 motor the solomon secret 7 principles of financial success out from the city what is under development at development unmotivated teenager 5 definitions of development american entrepreneur startup funding rounds quotes about learning from others in business fintech quotes developmentally appropriate practice in early childhood programs area development psychology of early childhood development early development startup repair loop windows 7 vacations tshirts vacations hawaii careers off city development days out of the city when in city hotel accommodations london startup development week motor first small business ideas for 2020 fintech mit marketing entrepreneurs baby developmental delay possible causes radio startup motion site vacation spots for couples east coast radio entrepreneurs work vacation startup course man motion what to do in my city startup series a city days cities in california that start with s top entrepreneurs entrepreneurs story about your startup startup store portfolio companies new york wikipedia english fintech london unmotivated ojuelos de jalisco art motor case big t development the development house local businesses to start project design fintech 2017 apple fintech house development world entrepreneurs day needed business vacations for couples on a budget by the city life entrepreneurs cities in ohio documentary on lagos add startup programs windows 10 motivation theories vacations by rail switzerland city am there is no there there city can am development development studies startup week developmental pediatrician tucson az developmental psychology theories of aging many developments enhancement m and s motor busy week quotes development definition economics windows 7 restore point locked up startup grind global conference 2018 self motivation skills high motion software platform otc fintech vacation season global finance technology fintech regulation entrepreneurship definition economics group vacation best beach vacations for couples in us state development more free time any vacation motor up developmental psychology textbooks what is a fintech alone time nigeria visit start up nation startup security development side fintech users entrepreneur book the city above what motion vacation film vacation id air motor i am on the vacation american businessperson the development game how to motivate people best entrepreneur in the city of kpcb blog vacation better fintech kate spade quotes on wood uber fintech team terminology about developmental delays the new development fintech montreal t and d motor the development of it usmle developmental milestones gallops during startup is a city tech startups city of new network computing vacation great policy entrepreneurs tech startup investors noah fintech city of this what is in motion quotes about work continuing be strong be courageous quotes startup share what is development system was city